Freitag, 17. Juni 2022

Plastik-zersetzende Pilze, Bakterien, Enzyme, Insekten und Algen

Biologische Degradation von Kunststoffen, biotische Zersetzung, biologische Abbaubarkeit

 

Pilze fressen Plastik - fungi/mushrooms eating plastic

https://www.bbc.com/news/business-57733178

https://www.biohm.co.uk/single-post/2020/05/14/how-mushrooms-can-solve-our-problems-with-plastic-waste

Tübinger Gießkannenschimmel (Aspergillus tubingensis)  

A Review of the Fungi That Degrade Plastic / Anusha H. Ekanayaka 1,2,†, Saowaluck Tibpromma 1,* , Donqin Dai 1,† , Ruifang Xu 1, Nakarin Suwannarach 3,4 , Steven L. Stephenson 5, Chengjiao Dao 6 and Samantha C. Karunarathna 1,2,*

 https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/8/8/772

Plastic degrading fungi Trichoderma viride and Aspergillus nomius isolated from local landfill soil in Medan / https://iopscience.iop.org: E Munir et al 2018 IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 126 012145

Biodegradation of polyethylene microplastics by the marine fungus Zalerion maritimum / Ana Paço, Kátia Duarte, João P. da Costa, Patrícia S.M. Santos, R. Pereira, M.E. Pereira, Ana C. Freitas, Armando C. Duarte, Teresa A.P. Rocha-Santos, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 586, 2017, Pages 10-15, ISSN 0048-9697, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.02.017.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0048969717302577?via%3Dihub


Bakterien fressen Plastik - bacteria eating plastic

Bakterien in Kuhmägen können Polyester zersetzen: https://blog.frontiersin.org/2021/07/02/frontiers-bioengineering-biotechnology-bacteria-in-cow-stomach-can-breakdown-disgest-plastic-waste/

"Together Is Better: The Rumen Microbial Community as Biological Toolbox for Degradation of Synthetic Polyesters": Felice Quartinello, Klemens Kremser, Herta Schoen, Donatella Tesei, Leon Ploszczanski, Magdalena Nagler, Sabine M. Podmirseg, Heribert Insam, Guadalupe Piñar, Katja Sterflingler, Doris Ribitsch, Georg M. Guebitz  

Meyer-Cifuentes, I.E., Werner, J., Jehmlich, N. et al. Synergistic biodegradation of aromatic-aliphatic copolyester plastic by a marine microbial consortium. Nat Commun 11, 5790 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19583-2

https://www.pressetext.com/ Mikroben fressen Plastikdreck im Meer

Morgan Vague: These bacteria eat plastic | TED Talk 

Pseudomonas morganensis: A Reed College Biology Student Discovered Plastic-Eating Bacteria After Smuggling Bags of Dirt Through the Houston Airport - Willamette Week 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideonella_sakaiensis

https://www.forbes.com/sites/scottcarpenter/2021/03/10/the-race-to-develop-plastic-eating-bacteria/ 

Sheridan, E.A., Fonvielle, J.A., Cottingham, S. et al. Plastic pollution fosters more microbial growth in lakes than natural organic matter. Nat Commun 13, 4175 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-022-31691-9


Enzym zerlegt Plastik binnen 24 Stunden

https://newatlas.com/environment/fast-acting-enzyme-plastics-24-hours/  

 

 

Kunststoff-zersetzende Enzyme - plastic degrading enzymes:

The Plastics-Active Enzymes Database - PAZy; Buchholz, P.C.F., Feuerriegel, G., Zhang, H., Perez-Garcia, P., Nover, L.-L., Chow, J., Streit, W.R. and Pleiss, J (2022); Plastics degradation by hydrolytic enzymes https://doi.org/10.1002/prot.26325

https://www.nature.com/ Lu, H., Diaz, D.J., Czarnecki, N.J. et al. Machine learning-aided engineering of hydrolases for PET depolymerization. Nature 604, 662–667 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-022-04599-z

Guardian/ e360 Yale / climatedesk / Bugs Are Evolving to Eat Plastic, Study Find

Plastic-Degrading Potential across the Global Microbiome Correlates with Recent Pollution Trends. Authors: Jan Zrimec https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7099-961X, Mariia Kokina, Sara Jonasson, Francisco Zorrilla, Aleksej Zelezniak

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/prot.26325 : Plastics degradation by hydrolytic enzymes: The plastics-active enzymes database—PAZy

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2021.803896/full The Bacteroidetes Aequorivita sp. and Kaistella jeonii Produce Promiscuous Esterases With PET-Hydrolyzing Activity 

https://journals.asm.org/doi/10.1128/AEM.01095-19 (...) " no enzymes acting on the high-molecular-weight polymers polystyrene, polyamide, polyvinylchloride, polypropylene, ether-based polyurethane, and polyethylene are known. Together, these polymers comprise more than 80% of annual plastic production"

Palm, G.J., Reisky, L., Böttcher, D. et al. Structure of the plastic-degrading Ideonella sakaiensis MHETase bound to a substrate. Nat Commun 10, 1717 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09326-3

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/PETase 

Low Carbon Footprint Recycling of Post-Consumer PET Plastic with a Metagenomic Polyester Hydrolase / https://chemistry-europe.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/cssc.202101062

Dimarogona M, Nikolaivits E, Kanelli M, Christakopoulos P, Sandgren M, Topakas E. Structural and functional studies of a Fusarium oxysporum cutinase with polyethylene terephthalate modification potential. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Nov;1850(11):2308-17. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2015.08.009. Epub 2015 Aug 17. PMID: 26291558

ENZYCLE looks for new enzymatic processes to treat and to recycle plastic fractions that could not be recycled before.

University of Portsmouth/ Centre for Enzyme Innovation "We have the expertise and facilities required to help tackle the challenge of plastic pollution and develop enzyme-based low energy, low carbon, biorecycling solutions." 

"BOTTLE™ efforts include the development of improved catalytic and biocatalytic recycling strategies to break down today's plastics into chemical building blocks for manufacturing higher-value products (upcycling) and the design of tomorrow's plastics to be recyclable-by-design."

Characterization and engineering of a two-enzyme system for plastics depolymerization / Brandon C. Knott, Erika Erickson, Mark D. Allen, Japheth E. Gado, Rosie Graham, Fiona L. Kearns, Isabel Pardo, Ece Topuzlu, Jared J. Anderson, Harry P. Austin, Graham Dominick, Christopher W. Johnson, Nicholas A. Rorrer, Caralyn J. Szostkiewicz, Valérie Copié, Christina M. Payne, H. Lee Woodcock, Bryon S. Donohoe, Gregg T. Beckham , John E. McGeehan

https://www.solarify.eu/2022/05/06/499-plastikfressendes-enzym-koennte-milliarden-tonnen-deponieabfaelle-beseitigen/

https://www.chemie.uni-leipzig.de/en/institut-fuer-analytische-chemie/working-group-matysik/team/prof-dr-wolfgang-zimmermann#collapse548345

https://scienceblog.com/530602/new-enzyme-breaks-down-plastics-in-record-time/

https://www.cas.org/resource/blog/plastic-eating-enzymes

Enzyme discovery and engineering for sustainable plastic recycling Baotong Zhu Dong Wang Na Wei Open AccessPublished:March 03, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tibtech.2021.02.008

Discovery and Genetic Code Expansion of a Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Hydrolase from the Human Saliva Metagenome for the Degradation and Bio-Functionalization of PET / Bhumrapee Eiamthong, Piyachat Meesawat, Thanakrit Wongsatit, Jariya Jitdee, Raweewan Sangsri, Dr. Maturada Patchsung, Kanokpol Aphicho, Surased Suraritdechachai, Dr. Nicolas Huguenin-Dezot, Dr. Shan Tang, Prof. Wipa Suginta, Prof. Boonchoat Paosawatyanyong, Prof. M. Madan Babu, Prof. Jason W. Chin, Prof. Danaya Pakotiprapha, Prof. Worawan Bhanthumnavin, Dr. Chayasith Uttamapinant 

 

Insekten fressen Plastik - insects eating plastic:


 

Zophobas Morio: Schwarzkäfer-Larve frisst Styropor

 

Tenebrio molitor: Biodegradation and Mineralization of Polystyrene by Plastic-Eating Mealworms: Part 1. Chemical and Physical Characterization and Isotopic Tests: Yu Yang, Jun Yang, Wei-Min Wu, Jiao Zhao, Yiling Song, Longcheng Gao, Ruifu Yang, Lei Jiang

Blue City Lab/ blue economy: Mehlwürmer, Morio-Würmer

Raupe der Wachsmotte - Galleria mellonella 

https://www.startpage.com/sp/search?query=wachsmotte+polyethylen

Plodia interpunctella - die gemeine Dörrobst- oder Hausmotte  

https://study.uq.edu.au/stories/meet-expert-microbiology-chris-rinke

“Wax worm saliva and the enzymes therein are the key to polyethylene degradation by Galleria mellonella” by A. Sanluis-Verdes, P. Colomer-Vidal, F. Rodríguez-Ventura, M. Bello-Villarino, M. Spinola-Amilibia, E. Ruiz-López, R. Illanes-Vicioso, P. Castroviejo, R. Aiese Cigliano, M. Montoya, P. Falabella, C. Pesquera, L. González-Legarreta, E. Arias-Palomo, M. Solà, T. Torroba, C.F. Arias and F. Bertocchini, 8 April 2022, BioRxiv. DOI: 10.1101/2022.04.08.487620


Algen fressen Plastik- algae eating plastic

 

Phaeodactylum tricornutum - Meeresalgen verdauen Plastik mittels Bakterienenzym  

____________________

Auch wenn die hier zitierten Biotechnologien und machinelearning-gestützten Forschungsmethoden teilweise etwas faustisches haben, geben sie immerhin Hoffnung, das Ausmass des menschlichen Versagens in der Plastikmüll-Vermeidung bzw. -beseitigung etwas zu lindern. 

Generell ist ein Vermeiden der Produktion im Sinne der degrowth-Konzepte einfacher als technische Verschlimmbesserungs-Versuche des Kaputtreparierens ökonomischer Fehler, die durch übertriebenen Konsum und rücksichtslose Gier nach Profitmaximierung verursacht wurden.

_______________________

sciencedirect.com/ journal articles and publications on biological degradation

Lear, G., Kingsbury, J.M., Franchini, S. et al. Plastics and the microbiome: impacts and solutions. Environmental Microbiome 16, 2 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40793-020-00371-w https://environmentalmicrobiome.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40793-020-00371-w

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kunststoff#Abbau

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Degradation_von_Kunststoffen#Biologische_Degradation

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biologische_Abbaubarkeit

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biotische_Zersetzung

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decomposition

https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decomposizione_(biologia)

https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Descomposici%C3%B3n

Suchbegriffe für weiterführende Recherchen:  

biologische Dekomposition, biologische Zersetzung, biologische Abbaubarkeit, biotischer Abbau, biotische Degradierung,biotische Zersetzung, Biokorrosion, zirkuläre Ökonomie, waste to X, Biokatalyse, biologische Transformation, Hydrolyse, Hydrolasen, depolymerization, biorecycling, plastic degradation, plastic degrading enzymes, MHETase, FAST-PETase, biodeterioration, biofilm, biofragmentation, biodegradable, plastic transformation, plastic conversion, plastisphere, dysbiosis, enzymatic degradation, polymer degradation

 

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